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Is Scrum a Methodology

Scrum is a word you may have heard many times if you work in a software development company. In addition to that, methodology is something thats commonly used together with it. Therefore the obvious question needs a clear answer – Is Scrum a Methodology?

Well, scrum is one of the most commonly used agile methodologies and consists of a sprint-designed approach. Originally, scrum was supposed to cater only to software projects, but with time it was implemented by organizations and managers from all fields.

A scrum incorporates a time-boxed period of new features that produces a complete product of the highest possible value called a sprint. The time period is mostly defined as approximately one month for each sprint. Scrum focuses on open interaction with customers, their comments, and corrections rather than just documenting and predicting.

This methodology is suitable for a small team with altering milestones, undetermined solutions and recurring interaction with the users.

A project following the scrum methodology is broken down into releases and sprints rather than phases or cycles. After finishing a sprint, you should have a working feature that can be released. In scrum projects, all your requirements don’t have to be ready or prepared upfront at the start but are queued in order of priority and scheduled for each sprint. 

Scrum Roles

Before we head towards the method of using scrum, we need to know what roles different teams or individuals play in scrum. There are a few key roles that need to be kept in mind.

Product Owner

The product owner acts as a substitute for the client or end-user and has to keep the best interests of the stakeholders in mind when working through the sprints and queuing the backlogs.

The product owner’s main job is to direct the team toward the right path and inspire open communication across all teams and positions. A good product owner should be open to answering questions and be organized along the entirety of the project. 

Scrum Master

The job of the scrum master is to remove any obstacles from the path and facilitate team members to ensure a steady and smooth flow of the sprint. 

One may say that this is what a project manager does too. The difference between a conventional project manager and a scrum master is that the scrum master does not provide step by step instructions to the team.

During the initial phases of the project, the scrum master and the product owner discuss the prioritization of different features and organizing of the sprints.

Development Team

Everyone else participating in the scrum is a part of the development team. They have the responsibility of executing and delivering the project milestones. Anyone involved in the creating process is a part of the development team, this includes coders, writers, designers, SQA experts and etc. 

In scrum projects, the development team is usually led by themselves and the team works amongst themselves to complete every sprint. The development team makes a decision amongst themselves on selecting the best way to complete a deliverable. As soon as the roles are designated and filled, the scrum master and the product owner will schedule a series of discussions to identify the functions and features of the project. 

The Process

During each 2 week sprint, the scrum cycle involves 3 steps that act as checkpoints for the team to communicate. 

Sprint Planning 

Before any process can initiate, the scrum team must discuss the prioritization of the project’s features and the creation of the backlog for the features. The product backlog is actually the list of features that the scrum team agrees to complete in any given sprint. The aim of the sprint planning should be to answer 2 questions:

  1. Which features are possible to deliver in this sprint?
  2. Which path or direction to take in order to achieve these deliverables?

There are multiple ways to plan for a sprint. You can use a scrum software to efficiently plan for the sprint or use the traditional approach, i.e., a pen and paper. Either way, the plan needs to be a living document for it to be updated as required

Daily Scrum Meeting

Every day, a meeting called a daily scrum meet is held to discuss the progress and events of the previous day, any problems, and plans for the next day to bring everyone up to speed. One by one, each member gives an update on what they were working on and shares if they came across any problems. In most cases, a scrum meeting does not exceed 15 minutes. 

Sprint Review

A typical sprint is usually about 2 weeks long. After the sprint is over, the teams meet and discuss and review the progress of the project. To make the next sprint more efficient and optimized, the team shares feedback and comments on features and functionalities.

During this sprint review, the scrum master, product owner, development team and the stakeholders all meet up and discuss the planned progress and the actual progress. In some cases, the team might show a demonstration of the product to the stakeholders. If any changes are required then they are implemented.  

After the sprint review is the Sprint Retrospective Meeting. In this meeting, the scrum team focuses more on the sprint itself. They discuss what went well and what could have been better so that the team can improve and become more agile the next time. 

Benefit of Scrum

Now that we’ve discussed the roles and processes associated with Scrum, let’s discuss what benefits it brings to the table. 


Projects following the agile scrum methodology include recurring check-ins and updates. So, if a project has a change in its deliverables, it won’t be neglected for days before someone notices. Any obstacles or changes can be identified quickly without losing any time or effort. 


Stakeholders of a project following the agile scrum methodology have the option of checking the project’s progress throughout its lifecycle and not just at fixed intervals. This gives them a feeling of more ownership and makes them feel involved in the project. 


The main goal of any agile methodology is to achieve more in a more efficient manner. If the agile scrum methodology is executed efficiently then the results will be quite evident.

Is Scrum a Methodology?

Yes! Scrum is one of the most commonly used Agile Methodology!



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